TS


Back to Tags

Require Generic

🗓️ June 14, 2021

Want to make it so that people need to provide some sort of generic argument if they don’t use some predefined defaults for your TS code. Check this out:

type NoInfer<T> = [T][T extends any ? 0 : never];

type QT<T> = 'first' | 'second' | T;
type Yolo<T> = {
  data: QT<T>
}

function doSomething<T = void>(args: Yolo<NoInfer<T>>): null{
  // do something
  return null;
}

doSomething({ data: 'first' }) // okay
doSomething({ data: 'three'}) // not okay
doSomething<'three'>({ data: 'three' }); //okay

Ambient TS files (*.d.ts)

🗓️ April 29, 2021

Alright, so I’ve been writing TS for a while and was never really sure why we needed these .d.ts files… until today.

The purpose of these files is so that authors/the community can backport popular JS libraries with TS type definitions. This allows library authors the freedom to keep on writing their JS code but allows users of TS to benefit with working code and the typings they need.

These typings probably exist in something like Definitely Typed. However, at work, we’re using a mix of JS and TS (JS is for the jest setup code) and therefore we were required to have ambient TS files so that our TS test code could benefit from the typings related to our JS files.

We are using module aliasing for our TestUtils so that we can do things like import { render } from 'TestUtils'. Under the hood, the render function is just a nicely wrapped render function from react-testing-library and so the return types are the same. There was a bug where if I tried to import the RenderResult from the testing library, VS code’s TS language server would yell at me for having an undefined module. The following code highlights the fix/issue.

working.d.ts
// TYPESCRIPT IS A PAIN
// https://stackoverflow.com/questions/39040108/import-class-in-definition-file-d-ts/51114250#51114251
declare module "TestUtils" {
  export function render(
    v: any,
    other?: { initialState?: any }
  ): import("@testing-library/react").RenderResult
}
not-working.d.ts
// doesn't work
import { RenderResult } from "@testing-library/react"

declare module "TestUtils" {
  export function render(v: any, other?: { initialState?: any }): RenderResult
}

React.FC - don't bother

🗓️ April 21, 2021

React.FC was more meant to help beginners get more comfortable writing React components with TS but honestly, the cons of using it (always having the ability to pass children to your component even though you might not be rendering said children) make me want to not use it.

If you’re wanting to type children, you can do:

type Props = {
  children?: React.ReactNode
}

TypesScript Utility Type - Parameters

🗓️ March 29, 2021

There’s a neat little utility type in TypeScript that lets you reach into a function and discern the types of the function arguments.

Parameters<(s: string) => void>;
// [s: string]
Read more